Volume 28, Issue 4 (12-2022)                   2022, 28(4): 504-520 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Chehregani L, karimi R. A study of the skills required by librarians in public libraries in the children and adolescents sector. Research on Information Science and Public Libraries 2022; 28 (4) :504-520
URL: http://publij.ir/article-1-2376-en.html
University Of Qom , karimirez@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1506 Views)
Purpose: Considering the importance of individual, professional skills and specialized knowledge in librarians to improve information services for children and adolescents, it is necessary that groups of knowledge and information science for training and practitioners and officials of public libraries for pathology and foresight in the children and adolescents sector, plan and act. Gaining knowledge about the current situation of the skills of librarians in the children and adolescents section of public libraries and identifying their strengths and weaknesses provide the basis for further research. In addition, the librarians of these departments will realize their job sensitivity with a more complete understanding of these skills. Considering the emergence of technologies in libraries and the diverse and growing needs of the society and the importance of evaluating the skills of librarians in the children and adolescents section, the present study aims was to investigate the skills of librarians in the children and adolescents section of the public library of Qom, Markazi, Hamedan and Zanjan provinces.
Method: The present research is an applied study which has been carried out using descriptive-survey research method. The statistical population of the study included 100 librarians working in the children and adolescents section of public libraries under the auspices of the General Directorate of Public Libraries of the five provinces of Zanjan, Hamedan, Arak and Qom and a stratified random sample was used. The collection tool in this research is a researcher-made questionnaire, in which the skills of librarians in the children and adolescents section are categorized based on 9 components in three personal, professional and technical fields. The reliability coefficient of the questionnaire was obtained using Cronbachʼs alpha 0/959. To analyze data, Excel 2016 and SPSS (version 20) were used, and descriptive statistical methods and Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Shapiro-Wilk and Wilcoxon tests were utilized.
Findings: The results indicate that the skills of interest and enthusiasm, communication, child psychology, familiarity with childrenʼs literature, collection making, information technology, management and service delivery are at a moderate (intermediate) level in these provinces. The skills of interest and enthusiasm with an average of 3/84, management with an average of 3/89 and service delivery with an average of 3/82 have been ranked first to third, respectively, and Zanjan with an average of 3/93, Arak with an average of 3/91 and Hamedan with an average of 3/61 are ranked first to third, respectively. IT skills have a significant relation with work experience, and the more work experience librarians have, the higher their level of IT skills are rated. The finding that information management and time management have a significant ralation with the education level indicates that librarians with higher education can have a better information and time management.
Originality/value: The present study was able to evaluate the skills of child and adolescent librarians in libraries in four provinces of Iran.
Full-Text [PDF 797 kb]   (253 Downloads)    
Type of Study: quantitative | Subject: Child and Adolescent Studies
Received: 2022/04/17 | Accepted: 2022/11/24 | Published: 2022/12/31

1. Akbari Baris, N., Shaghaghi, M., & Asnafi, A. (2020). Personal Characteristics and Practical Skills of a Children’s Librarian in Iran. Sciences and Techniques of Information Management, 6(1), 80-112. doi: 10.22091/stim.2020.4898.1347. (in Persian)
2. ALSC (Association for Library Service to Children). (2009). “Competencies for Librarians Serving Children in Public Libraries. http://www.ala.org/alsc/edcareeers/alsccorecomps.
3. Amini, A. (2010). Evaluation of communication skills of librarians of public libraries in Isfahan [Unpublished masterʼs thesis]. University of Isfahan. (in Persian)
4. Anwar, M. A., & Ullah, M. (2017). Developing an instrument for the validation of competencies: The case of medical librarians. Libr Philosophy Pract, 1533, 1-24.
5. Ashcroft, L. (2004). Developing competencies, critical analysis and personal transferable skills in future information professionals. Library review, 53(2), 82–88.
6. Batool, S. H. (2010). Status of technological competencies: a case study of university librarians. Library Philosophy and Practice, 1.
7. Bin Hashim, L., & Mokhtar, W. N. H. W. (2012). Preparing new era librarians and information professionals: Trends and issues. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2(7), 151-155.
8. Bishop, B.W., Cadle, A.W., & Grubesic, T.H. (2015). Job analyses of emerging information professions: A survey validation of core competencies to inform curricula. The Library Quarterly, 85(1), 64-84.
9. Chawner, B., & Oliver, G. (2013). A survey of New Zealand academic reference librarians: Current and future skills and competencies. Australian Academic & Research Libraries, 44(1), 29-39.
10. Childers S (2003) Computer literacy: necessity or buzzword? University of Nebraska, Lincoln.
11. Durrance, J. C. (1995). Factors that Influence Reference Success: What Makes Questioners Willing to Return? The Reference Librarian, 23(49-50), 243-265.
12. Farooq, M. U., Ullah, A., Iqbal, M., & Hussain, A. (2016). Current and required competencies of university librarians in Pakistan. Library Management, 37(8/9), 410-425.
13. Fateh Bojandan, A. (2015). Study of the role of moral, skill and scientific characteristics of librarians in public libraries in creating a culture of reading in users of Sabzevar city [Unpublished masterʼs thesis]. Payam Noor university. (in Persian)
14. Ghayouri, Z., & Hasanzadeh, M. (2016). Effective Solutions to Attract the Audience to the Public Libraries of Iran: Delphi Study. Library and Information Science Research, 6(2), 206-226. doi: 10.22067/riis.v6i2.49504. (in Persian)
15. Griffiths, J. M., & King, D. W. (1985). New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Knowledge Industry Publications, Inc., 701 Westchester Ave., White Plains, NY 10604.
16. Hamada, D., & Stavridi, S. (2014). Required skills for children's and youth librarians in the digital age. IFLA journal, 40(2), 102-109.
17. IFLA: Department of Libraries for Children and Adolescents (2003). Handbook of guidelines on children's library services (H. Mokhtari, Trans., Ed.). (in Persian)
18. Khan, S. A., & Bhatti, R. (2017). Digital competencies for developing and managing digital libraries: An investigation from university librarians in Pakistan. The Electronic Library.
19. Khoo, C. (2005, March). Competencies for new era librarians and information professionals. In International conference on Libraries (ICOL 2005) (pp. 14-16).
20. Kwanya, T., Stilwell, C., & Underwood, P. G. (2012). A competency index for research librarians in Kenya. African journal of library, archives and information science, 22(1), 1-18.
21. Lopez, M., & Rubacher, R. (1969). Interpersonal psychology: Librarians and patrons. Catholic Library World, 40(8), 483-7.
22. Michalis, G., Afrodite, M., & Pavlos, I. (2015). Skills in the market: an analysis of skills andqualifications for American librarians. Library Review, 64(1/2), 21–35.
23. MohammadRezaei Bigdeli, Z. (2008). Childrenʼs Library Services. Monthly Scientific Communication. 10(1). (in Persian)
24. Nonthacumjane, P. (2011). Key skills and competencies of a new generation of LIS professionals. IFLA Journal, 37(4), 280-288.
25. Parirokh, M., & Ilkhani, M. (2014). A survey on the infrastructures and skills necessary to establish electronic reference services at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Iranian Journal of Information processing and Management, 30(1), 121-149. (in Persian)
26. Partridge, H., Lee, J., & Munro, C. (2010). Becoming" Librarian 2.0": The skills, knowledge, and attributes required by library and information science professionals in a Web 2.0 world (and beyond). Library trends, 59(1), 315-335.
27. Peng, Y.P. (2019). A competency model of children’s librarians in public libraries. The Library Quarterly, 89(2), 99-115.
28. Petersohn, S. (2016). Professional competencies and jurisdictional claims in evaluative bibliometrics: The educational mandate of academic librarians. Education for Information, 32(2), 165-193.
29. Peyvand Robati, A., & Singh, D. (2013). Competencies required by special librarians: An analysis by educational levels. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 45(2), 113-139.
30. Rahnama, S. (2012). Assessing the status of librarians' communication skills of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad and its effect on the satisfaction of undergraduate students [Unpublished masterʼs thesis]. Mashhad Ferdowsi University. (in Persian)
31. RUSA Task Force on Professional Competencies. (2003). Professional competencies for reference and user services librarians. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 290-295.
32. Saunders, L. (2015). Professional perspectives on library and information science education. The Library Quarterly, 85(4), 427-453.
33. Soderdahl, P. A., & Hirst, D. L. (2009). The Core Competency Program at the University of Iowa Libraries. In Core Technology Competencies for Librarians and Library Staff (Vol. 15, pp. 205-238). Neal-Schuman.
34. Tan, S. M., Gorman, G., & Singh, D. (2012). Information literacy competencies among school librarians in Malaysia. Libri, 62(1), 98-107.
35. Walter, V. A. (2014). Who will serve the children? Recruiting and educating future children’s librarians. IFLA Journal, 40(1), 24-29.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Research on Information Science and Public Libraries

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb